Construction, Demolition and Excavation waste (CD&E)

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General information

Construction, demolition and excavation waste is one of the heaviest and bulkiest waste generated in the European Union. It accounts for approximately 25% - 30% of all waste generated in the EU and consists of numerous materials, including concrete, bricks, gypsum, wood, glass, metals, plastic, asbestos and excavated soil - many of which can be recycled.

CD&E waste arises from activities such as the construction of buildings and civil infrastructure, total or partial demolition of buildings and civil infrastructure, renovation of buildings or apartments and construction or maintenance of roads.

CD&E waste has been identified as a priority waste stream by the European Union. 

According to the Greek legislation, the alternative management of CD&E waste applies to waste generated from private and public projects and aims to reduce the final disposal of CD&E waste, ensuring sustainable management of resources based on: 

  • Reuse
  • Recycling as well as materials recovery, in order for the consumption of primary raw materials to be reduced  
  • Energy recovery as an efficient way of utilization


The manufacturers, prior to the commencement of the construction or any technical infrastructure projects in general, are obliged to submit data that is going to be generated from their activity to the competent authority for the waste management. In order to facilitate all the acting bodies that are obligated to manage their CD&E, the Greek Organization of Recycling ( developed an apposite tool in excel format so that the data of waste management can be registered. 


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Every day materials

How to recycle

For further information about recycling construction and demolition waste, you may contact the designated private contractors licenced by EOAN (Hellenic Recycling Organisation). You will find the link to the EOAN webpage and further information in ‘external links and files’.
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